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Key to the exercises

- Keys

1. Two nouns together
A
1 a tennis-racket/a tennis racket
2 a television camera
3 an alarm clock
4 a motor cycle
5 a luggage trolley
B
1 Have you got any cotton shirts?
2 What shall I do with this lemonade bottle?
3 Have you got a shopping bag?
4 Is there a shoe shop near here?
5 I'd like a corner table, please.
6 I'll need some climbing boots.
7 Are you a computer operator?
C
1 a stone wall
2 a tourist information centre
3 a bath-towel/a bath towel
4 working clothes
5 a city centre office block
6 a sales graph
7 a credit card
8 a horse-race/a horse race
9 the Marketing Director
10 a weekend bicycle tour

2. The possessive case and of
A
1 the boy's bike
2 the girls' tent
3 the children's skateboards
4 the girl's cat
5 the boys' trophies
B
1 the twins'
2 Luke's
3 Jason's
4 Debbie's
5 her children's
6 the Lanskys'
7 Olivia's
C
1 Mr Hillman's Gun
2 The Smell of Blood
3 The Terrorist's Car
4 The Middle of the Night
5 The Death of Someone Important
6 The Gangsters' Money
D
1 yesterday's paper
2 (a) five minutes' rest
3 this month's special offer
4 in a week's time

3. Reflexive pronouns
A
1 's/is looking at herself (in the mirror).
2 're/are introducing themselves.
3 He's/He is teaching himself Arabic.
4 She's/She is drying herself (on/with a towel).
B
1 yourself
2 ourselves
3 itself
C
1 you
2 him
3 himself
4 her
5 yourself
D
1 feel
2 help yourselves
3 remember
4 worry
5 relax

4. Emphatic pronouns
A
1 He cleans them himself.
2 I bake it myself.
3 They grow them themselves.
4 We decorated it ourselves.
S He types them himself.
6 I develop them myself.
B
1 herself
2 itself
3 himself
4 themselves
5 yourselves
C
1 They're/They are always thinking about each other.
2 They've/They have got lots of photos of each other.
3 They enjoy each other's company.
4 They're/They are crazy about each other.
D
1 each other
2 each other
3 themselves
4 ourselves
S themselves
6 each other

5. My, your, etc, and mine, yours, etc.
A
1 our
2 his
3 his
4 their
5 yours
6 mine
7 hers
8 her
B
1 its
2 it's
3 it's
4 its
C
1 the
2 her
3 the OR her
4 their
5 your, your
D
1 Harriet introduced me to a friend of hers.
2 They've got their own pool.
3 It's a favourite hobby of mine.
4 I've got some CDs of his.
5 I'd like my own room.

6. Present Continuous
A
1 They're/They are playing basketball.
2 She's/She is taking a photo.
3 He's/He is painting a picture.
4 They're/They are carrying a parcel.
B
1 are trying
2 are you finding
3 is helping
4 We're/We are getting
5 We aren't spending
6 It isn't taking
7 are you waiting
8 I'm/I am correcting
C
1 it's/it is raining.
2 I'm/I am working.
3 you're/you are sitting on my coat.
4 I'm/I am writing an important letter.
5 I'm/I am getting/feeling better.

7. Present Simple
A
1 a feeling
2 a repeated action
3 a fact
4 a fact
5 a thought
6 a feeling
7 a repeated action
8 a thought
B
1 doesn't speak
2 walk
3 needs
4 love
5 doesn't eat
6 don't look
7 doesn't work
8 don't like
9 wins
10 don't own
C
1 I go
2 comes
3 we travel
4 don't you come
5 doesn' t make
6 do you take
7 I love
8 does it cost
9 I don't know
10 that doesn't matter
11 I don't want
12 Does that annoy
13 it doesn't annoy
14 find

8. Present Continuous and Present Simple 1
A
1 He's/He is talking
2 I think
3 they're/they are discussing
4 Are you looking
5 Do you know
6 works
7 She doesn't work
8 You know

9 I give
10 she gives
11 She lives
12 It saves
13 I agree
14 I'm/I am wasting
B
1 It's/lt is snowing, It's/lt is coming
2 I start, I’m/I am starting
3 I'm/I am going, I drive
4 rises, we're/we are travelling
5 I'm/I am writing, I promise
6 I want, I'm/I am saving
C
1 she always takes
2 She's/She is always missing
3 do you always go
4 They're/They are always arguing.

9. Present Continuous and Present Simple 2
A
1 state
2 action
3 state
4 action
5 state
B
1 I think
2 I have
3 it didn't fit
4 I see
5 you're having
6 you're thinking
7 I come
8 It weighed
C
1 are being
2 's/ is
3 're being/are being
4 ‘re/are
5 's being/is being
D
1 And I've still got a chance to win.
2 It's too expensive to buy.
3 It uses so much petrol.
4 I think it's going to be perfect for me.
5 I've never wanted to change it.

10. Past Simple
A
1 She swam in the sea.
2 She had a picnic.
3 She played volleyball.
4 She went out dancing.
B
1 were
2 started
3 saw
4 called
5 tried
6 was
7 arrived
8 fought
9 brought
10 entered
11 found
C
1 We didn't try
2 did you see
3 I didn't know
4 did you go
5 I didn't like
6 did Sarah enjoy
7 I didn't want

11. Past Continuous
A
1were watching television
2 were dancing in the street
3 was driving his taxi
4 was writing an essay
B
1 were you doing
2 I was taking
3 She was coming
4 I was going
5 You weren't looking
6 you were going
C
1 I was making phone calls all evening.
2 I was waiting in the rain for half an hour.
3 I was making sandwiches all afternoon.
4 I was sitting in a traffic jam for two hours.
5 My neighbour was playing loud music all night.

12. Present Perfect 1
A
1 She's/She has repaired it.
2 I've/I have opened the window.
3 They've/They have arrived.
4 He's/He has moved it.
5 We've/We have watched all these.
B
1 He's/He has broken his leg.
2 They've/They have built a house.
3 They've/They have seen a film.
4 She's/She has caught a fish.
C
1 I haven't done
2 hasn't made
3 You haven't put
4 I've/ I have hurt
5 you've/you have had
6 have you put
7 It's/It has disappeared
8 I've/I have looked
9 have you done
10 I've/I have painted
11 I've/I have cleaned
12 We've/We have made
13 has that brush gone
14 you've/you have left

13. Present Perfect 2
A
1 just tidied it.
2 He's/He has just made some/it.
3 I've/I have just eaten it.
4 she's/she has just checked them.
5 I've/I have just rung her.
B
1 I haven't started it yet.
2 I've/I have just seen Andrew
3 he's/he has already done
4 I haven't finished my plan yet.
5 You've/You have already begun
6 We've/We have already spent
7 I haven't done any real work yet
8 I've/ I have just realized
9 I've/I have just decided
C
1 He hasn't had any fun for a long time.
2 He's/He has had a cold for a week.
3 He hasn't seen his friends for ages.
4 He hasn't done any sport since last year.
5 He's/He has been busy with his studies for months.
В
1 rung her since
2 seen them for
3 watched one for
4 had one since
5 played (it) since

14. Present Perfect 3
A
1 been
2 been
3 gone
B
1 Have you ever been to San Francisco?
No, I’ve never been to San Francisco
I've been to Los Angeles.
2 Have you ever played basketball?
No, I’ve never played basketball
I've played volleyball.
3 Have you ever seen/read (the play) 'Hamlet'?
No, I've never read/seen 'Hamlet'
I've read/seen ‘Macbeth'.
C
1 the second time I've lost my bank card.
2 This is the third time the washing-machine has broken down.
3 This is the first time I've been in/to England.
4 This is the second time I've stayed in this hotel.
5 This is (about) the fifth time I've missed the bus.

15. Present Perfect Continuous
A
1 have you been doing
2 She's/She has been helping
3 have you been studying
4 I've/I have been trying
5 it's/it has been getting
B
1 they've/they have been arguing
2 he's/he has been cooking
3 he's/he has been driving
4 He's/He has been waiting
C
1 Matthew has been swimming for an hour.
2 My friends have been travelling (around the world) for three months.
3 Mark has been working for ten hours.
4 Melanie and Rita have been talking for forty minutes.
5 How long have you been reading the/that/your book?

16. Present Perfect Continuous or Simple
A
1 's/has left, He's/He has been cleaning, he's/he has finished
2 I've/I have been working, You've/You have done
3 I've/I have heard, have you been doing, We've/We have done
B
1 How many miles have you walked?
2 How long have they/the workmen been digging up the road?
3 How many photos have you taken?
4 How long has it been raining?
C
1 I've/I have been clearing
2 I've/I have found
3 You've/You have been sitting
4 I've/I have been watching
5 You've/You have been
6 I've/I have had
7 They've/They have been
8 I've/I have never had

17. Present Perfect or Past Simple 1
A
1 have arrived
2 repaired
3 I've/I have lost
4 has started
5 ran
6 earned
7 We planted
8 have gone
9 has turned
10 I phoned
11 I've/I have made
12 broke
B
1 The train drivers have gone on strike. They stopped work(ing) at twelve o'clock.
2 The Queen has arrived in Toronto. She flew there in an RAF aircraft.
3 Two men have escaped from Parkhurst Prison. They got away during the night.
4 The actor Howard Bates has died in a car accident. His car crashed into a wall.
5 Linda Jones has won the women's marathon. She ran it in 2 hours 27 minutes.
C
1 haven't taken a photo since
2 weeks since I last saw
3 was the last time we played
4 haven't eaten anything for

18. Present Perfect or Past Simple 2
A
1 has stood
2 was
3 stayed
4 've/have lived
5 've/have known
6 were
B
1b) 2 b) 3 a)
C
1 this, last
2 today, yesterday
3 last, this
4 this, yesterday
В
1 What's/What has happened
2 He's/He has had
3 He fell
4 broke
5 did it happen
6 told
7 You knew
8 you didn't tell
9 I didn't see
10 I haven't seen
11 He's/He has had
12 He did

19. Adjectives
A
1 modern chairs
2 a black cat
3 solar power
4 classical music
5 an old car
6 a tall building
B
pleasant, ideal, quiet, short, popular, lovely,
friendly, helpful, good, marvellous, excellent, local
C
1 The world is asleep
2 My chief desire
3 My heart is content
4 The main thing to remember
5 The night is alive
6 Inner secrets
7 The only girl for me

20. Adjectives (order)
A
1 a small white car
2 an attractive old building
3 an expensive wooden garden seat
4 a famous Italian opera singer
B
1 a lovely old glass vase
2 an attractive wall mirror
3 a modern office desk
4 red metal kitchen chairs
5 a splendid old model boat
6 valuable Australian postage stamps
7 a small wooden coffee table
C
1 This is a powerful Japanese business computer.
2 This is an excellent small electric fire.
3 This is a big new chocolate bar.
4 This is a terrific American television comedy.
5 These are stylish aluminium garage doors.
6 These are wonderful modern sports shoes.
7 This is a very good German mobile phone.

21. Adjective or adverb 1
A
1 brightly
2 patiently
3 immediately
4 punctually
5 secretly
6 safely
7 fluently
8 carefully
9 quietly
B
1 angrily
2 happily
3 automatically
4 publicly
5 enthusiastically
6 reasonably
7 securely
C
1 United won the game easily.
2 I've/I have checked the figures carefully.
3 Your dog barked at me very fiercely.
4 It's/It is raining quite heavily (here).
D
1 dark
2 terribly
3 badly
4 suddenly
5 quietly
6 unhappy
7 sadly
8 curious
9 foolishly

22. Adjective or adverb 2
A
1 adjective
2 adjective
3 adverb
4 adjective
5 adverb
6 adverb
B
1 hardly
2 nearly
3 long
4 late
5 fast
6 hard
7 wrong
8 straight
C
1 bad
2 good
3 badly
4 well
5 ill
D
1 badly
2 good
3 fast
4 long
5 hardly
6 nearly
7 hard
8 lately
9 likely

23. Comparative and superlative forms
A
1 are more interesting
2 is higher
3 is more beautiful
B
1 richest
2 most modern
3 greatest
4 most exciting
5 most popular
6 most successful
7 most attractive
8 happiest
C
1 happier
2 faster
3 more helpful
4 lovelier
5 bigger
6 more restful
7 more modern
D
1 more smartly
2 longer
3 more often
4 more carefully
5 earlier
6 louder/more loudly
E
1 worst
2 better
3 worse
4 best
5 furthest
F
1 least 2 less 3 more 4 Most
G
1 happier
2 smallest
3 best
4 shorter
5 most important
6 older
7 more exciting
8 most
9 wetter
10 lower
11 worse

24. Comparative and superlative patterns 1
A
1 The church is older than the library.
2 Matthew is stronger than Daniel.
3 Harriet is taller than Mike.
4 Claire is more popular than Andrew.
5 Mark's car is bigger than Sarah's.
B
1 Friday is the busiest day
2 The Metropole is the nicest hotel in (the) town.
3 This watch is one of the cheapest (watches) you can buy.
4 This Beatles album is the best (one) they ever made.
5 Alan is the most successful salesman in the company.
C
1 Plastic isn't as strong as metal.
2 The stool isn't as comfortable as the armchair.
3 Swimming isn't as exciting as surfing.
4 The post isn't as quick as e-mail.
D
1 me 2 I am 3 me 4 he has

25. Comparative and superlative patterns 2
A
1 less painful
2 less busy
3 less convenient
4 less attractive
5 less seriously
6 less optimistic
B
1 Yesterday was a lot colder than today.
2 My coat is a bit longer than is fashionable.
3 I left work slightly earlier than usual this afternoon.
4 The shop is much more expensive than the supermarket.
5 Is the new machine any more reliable than the old one?
C
1 more and more difficult
2 more and more complicated
3 more and more
4 longer and longer
5 worse and worse
D
1 the quieter the roads (are).
2 the wider the choice (is).
3 the more confused I get.
4 the more fluently you can speak.
5 the more crowded the beaches get.

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