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Key to the exercises

- Keys

1. Every, each, whole, both, either and neither
A
1 each
2 each/every
3 every
4 each/every
5 every
B
1 all day/ the whole day
2 all night/the whole night
3 every morning
4 all morning/ the whole morning
5 all day/ the whole day
6 every time
C
1 One of them has a separate restaurant.
2 Both of them serve bar snacks.
3 One of them has a family room.
4 Neither of them allows/allow pub games.
5 Neither of them has/have live music.
6 One of them has a non-smoking area.
D
1 Neither
2 either
3 each (or every)
4 every
5 whole

2. Agreement
A
1 is
2 are
3 look
4 are
5 has
6 costs
7 have
8 weren't
B
1 was
2 were
3 was
4 were
5 were
6 were
7 was
8 was/were
C
1 is
2 isn't
3 are
4 work
5 have
6 is
7 is
8 has
D
1 Fifteen miles is a long walk.
2 Eight students are travelling on the bus.
3 Three people were waiting for the museum to open.
4 Twenty kilos is the baggage allowance.

3. Ability: can, could and be able to
A
1 She can't play the violin.
2 He can climb trees.
3 She can juggle.
4 They can't lift the weights.
B
1 I can walk or I'm able to walk
2 I can go or I'll be able to go
3 to be able to get
4 been able to do
C
1 c) 2 a)
D
1 was able to
2 could
3 could/was able to
4 were able to
5 couldn't/wasn't able to

4. Permission: can, may, could and be allowed to
A (Can, could and may are all possible.)
1 Can I borrow your calculator?
2 May I join you?
3 Could I look at your notes?
B
1 You can have a picnic.
2 You can't drop litter.
3 You can turn left.
4 You can't play ball games/football.
5 You can't smoke.
C
1 I wasn't allowed to have
2 we're/we are allowed to have
3 we're/we are allowed to do
4 we'll/we will be allowed to hold
D
1 Am I allowed to
2 May I
3 Am I allowed to
4 Am I allowed to
5 May I

5. Possibility and certainty: may, might, could and must, etc.
A (May and might are both possible.)
1 she might be
2 She may be
3 She might be sitting
4 She may be having
5 You might find
6 She might know
B
1 He may/might win.
2 I may/might have one.
3 We may/might get one.
4 She may/might be late.
5 They may/might be visiting me.
C
1 mightn't
2 mightn't
3 couldn't
4 couldn't
5 mightn't
D
1 can't
2 must
3 might
4 can't
5 might
6 must

6. Necessity: have to and must
A
1 I had to pay, did you have to pay
2 You have to slam, You'll have to fix
3 do you have to take, I'll have to take
4 We had to move, We didn't have to look, We've/We have had to do
5 has to start, does he have to get
B
1 You must get to work on time.
2 has to keep his dog under control.
3 You must listen carefully.
4 visitors have to report to the security officer.
C
1 must
2 has to
3 have to
4 must
5 have to
6 must
7 must

7. Necessity: mustn’t, needn’t, etc.
A
1 must, mustn't, needn't
2 mustn't, must
3 mustn't, needn't
4 mustn't, must, needn't
B
1 didn't have to wait ages to cross the road.
2 don't have to work long hours.
3 doesn't have to work in a factory.
4 didn't have to lock their doors.
5 don't have to wash their clothes by hand.
C
1 we didn't need to borrow any money.
2 I needn't have bothered.
3 We needn't have left/We didn't need to leave so early.
4 I didn't need to pay to go in.
5 you needn't have tipped/you didn't need to tip the waiter.


8. Will, would, shall and should
A
1 will
2 won' t
3 would
4 will
5 would
6 wouldn't
7 would
B
1 will help
2 wouldn't let
3 will give
4 won't go
5 would like
6 wouldn't open
7 won't stand
C
1 Shall we go to the swimming-pool?
2 I won't take any risks.
3 I'd/I would like a shower (, please) .
4 You shouldn't decide in a hurry.
5 (I think) the world will end in the yea r 3000.

9. Should, ought to, had better and supposed to
A
1 shouldn't
2 ought
3 should
4 shouldn't
5 should
6 oughtn't
B
1 We'd better wait (for Rachel).
2 You'd better lock it/ lock your bike.
3 I'd better tidy my room.
4 You'd better not drive/We'd better not go too fast.
5 We'd better do some revision.
C
1 I'm/I am supposed to take two before meals.
2 They're/They are supposed to report to the police.
3 You're/You are supposed to stand in a queue.
4 They aren't supposed to watch it.
D
1 We had/We'd better hurry. or We should hurry. /We ought to hurry.
2 We had/We'd better not be or We oughtn't to be/We shouldn't be
3 should arrive/ought to arrive
4 You shouldn't take/You oughtn't to take
5 We aren't supposed to get

10. Passive verb forms
A
1 Dinner is being served.
2 Some houses are being built.
3 The seals are being fed.
4 A flag is being raised.
B
1 is owned
2 was being used
3 was bought
4 hadn't been looked
5 has been done
6 is used
C
1 will be done/are going to be done
2 will ... be called
3 can't be bought
4 should be sold
D
1 got hurt
2 get lost
3 get broken
4 got divorced

11. Active and passive 1
A
1 swept
2 burst
3 were rescued
4 received
5 reached
6 were blocked
7 were brought
8 is being done
9 said
B
1 my brother
2 The water
3 terrorists
4 the alarm
5 The guide
6 The dog
C
1 was won by Claude Jennings.
2 did a parachute jump last week.
3 been attacked by a bull.
4 being built.
5 likes Jessica.
6 been thrown away.
7 been kidnapped by Martians.
8 was seen by five people.

12. Active and passive 2
A
1 was taken
2 was done
3 was interviewed by a very nice young police officer
4 fingerprints were found (by detectives)
5 burglar was identified (by the police computer).
6 has been arrested
7 (he) is being questioned
8 jewellery hasn't been found
B
1 didn't produce many cars for sale.
2 production was started by a German called Karl Benz.
3 is now seen as the father of the motor car.
C
1 People should use them/bicycles for short journeys.
2 someone has discovered a new source of energy?
3 they're/they are going to knock it down/knock down this building.
4 you shouldn't keep them/eggs in a freezer.
5 people put it/litter in the bin?

13. Special passive structures
A
1 New employees are given special training.
2 Extra payments are given to staff who perform well.
3 Most employees are offered company shares.
4 All Zedco staff are allowed six weeks' holiday.
5 A full salary is paid to women who leave to have children.
B
1 expected that the soap opera 'Round the Corner' will end next year.
2 It is supposed that the footballer Wayne Johnson is earning
Јmillion a year.
3 It is believed that the Prime Minister and his wife have separated.
C
1 is expected to end next year.
2 The footballer Wayne Johnson is supposed to be earning
Јmillion a year.
3 The Prime Minister and his wife are believed to have separated.

14. Adverbs and word order
A
1 outside
2 Perhaps
3 always
4 Obviously
5 silently
6 hard
B
1 mid
2 end
3 front
4 mid
5 mid
6 mid
7 end
8 front
9 mid
10 mid
C
1 clearly crossed
2 will probably rain
3 didn't fully understand
4 are usually
5 occasionally visited it/visited it occasionally
6 were soon working
7 has obviously forgotten
D
1 It usually rains when David is on holiday.
2 Rita's friend visits her most weekends.
3 Mark gets a pay rise every year.
4 Rachel never checks her work.
E
1 I've always known your secret.
2 We certainly can't afford a new car. or Certainly we can't afford a new car.
4 Tom cut the paper carefully./Tom carefully cut the paper.
5 Natasha can also play the violin. or Natasha can play the violin also.
6 I read the newspaper most days./Most days I read the newspaper.
F
1 peacefully at his home
2 through the streets yesterday
3 to Greece last year
4 there in June
G
1 We had a lovely time in the country.
2 We arrived home safely at about eight.
3 You must come and visit us before too long. or Before too long you must come and visit
us.
4 It's always nice to see you and Tony.
5 Maybe you'll be able to come in the New Year./You'1I be able to come in the New Year
maybe. or You'll maybe be able to come in the New Year.
6 We'll see you sometime.

15. Yet, still and already
A
1 still, yet
2 still, already
3 yet, still
B
1 I already owe Emma
Ј
2 We've already spent all our money./We've spent all our money already.
3 But it still looks dirty. or But it looks dirty still.
4 We haven't seen them yet. OR We haven't yet seen them.
5 I still can't understand the rules.
C
1 They/Children don't play there any more
2 they/boats still come along the river
3 it/the view isn't beautiful any more
4 it's/it is still our home or it's/it is our home still
D
1 no longer
2 yet
3 any more
4 already

16. But, although, in spite of, whereas, etc.
A
1 but it's really quite modern.
2 but she turned it down.
3 but no one laughed.
B
1 Although
2 in spite of
3 Although
4 in spite of
5 in spite of
C
1 in spite of/despite
2 In spite of/Despite
3 but/although/though
4 Even though/Although/Though
D
1 Trevor didn't notice the sign even though it was right in front of him.
2 Matthew doesn't know any French although it was one of his school subjects.
3 Despite being a millionaire, Henry's friend hates spending money.
4 We couldn't get tickets in spite of queuing for an hour.
E
1 on the other hand
2 in spite of (or despite)
3 whereas

17. If, when, unless and in case
A
1 When the alarm rings,
2 If I feel better tomorrow,
3 When this film finishes,
4 If the plan doesn't work,
B
1 unless it's/it is a nice day.
2 unless you're/you are watching it.
3 unless we get help.
4 unless I liked it.
C
1 unless 2 if 3 unless 4 unless
D
1 We'd/We had better book a table in case the restaurant is busy.
2 You ought to insure your jewellery in case it gets stolen.
3 I'll leave you my phone number in case you want to contact me.
E
1 unless 2 If 3 in case 4 when

18. Review of linking words
A
1 I'll love you until I die
2 I hear music when I see you
3 Come back before I forget you
4 I've been sad since you left me
5 I fell in love as soon as we met
B
1 Although
2 in order to
3 because
4 If
5 but
6 so
7 unless
8 In spite of
9 in case
C
1 as soon as
2 to
3 since
4 but
5 so that
6 because
7 In case
8 until
9 although
10 if
11 so
12 in spite of

19. Links across sentences
A
1 and
2 so
3 and
4 but
5 so
6 but
B
1 Furthermore
2 however
3 In other words
4 On the contrary
5 After all
6 for example
C
1 In other words, you don't want to see him.
2 By the way, what's the time/what time is it?
3 Anyway, they haven't got one in my size.
4 Sarah (`s got one/has one), for example.
5 On the contrary, I love/liked it.

20. During or while? By or until? As or like?
A
1 while 2 while 3 during 4 while
B
1 by 2 until 3 until 4 by 5 by
C
1 as 2 like 3 as 4 like
D
1 as 2 as if 3 as 4 as if
E
1 By the time I arrived at your flat, you'd/you had left.
2 Rita went to the party with Tom, as you predicted.
3 I saw your sister while I was shopping in London.

4 You can keep the book until you've/you have finished it or you finish it.

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