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8. Present Continuous and Present Simple 1

FORM 7

1 Now or sometimes?

KITTY BEAMISH IS A TV REPORTER.

PRESENT CONTINUOUS

We use the Present Continuous for something happening now.
I am speaking to you live means that Kitty is in the middle of a live broadcast. Here are some more examples.
It's raining at the moment.
I
'm watching this programme.
Look. That man
is taking a photo of you.

KITTY IS ON GUY'S CHAT SHOW.

PRESENT SIMPLE

We use the Present Simple for repeated actions.
I often speak live to the camera means that she does it again and again.
It always rains at the weekend.
I
watch television most weekends.
He's a photographer. He
takes lots of photos.

2 Thoughts, feelings and states

We normally use the Present Simple to talk about thoughts and feelings.
I think it's a good programme.
Kitty
likes her job.
We also use it to talk about states and permanent facts.
Reporting means a lot to her.
Paper
burns easily.
We also use the Present Simple in I promise, I agree, I refuse, etc.
I promise I'll write to you.
It's all right.
I forgive you.

3 Temporary or permanent?

PRESENT CONTINUOUS

We use the Present Continuous for a routine or situation that we see as temporary (for a short period).
I'm working at a sports shop for six weeks.
At the moment they're living in a very small flat.

PRESENT SIMPLE

We use the Present Simple for a routine or situation that we see as permanent.
I work at a sports shop. It's a permanent.
They live in a very nice flat.

4 Always

PRESENT CONTINUOUS

We can use always with the Present Continuous to mean 'very often', usually with the added meaning of 'too often'.
Tom is always inviting friends here.
(= He invites them very often.)
I'm always making silly mistakes.
(= I make silly mistakes too often.)

PRESENT SIMPLE

Always with the Present Simple means every time'.
Tom always invites us to stay at Christmas. (= He invites us every Christmas.)
I always make silly mistakes in exams. (= I make mistakes in every exam.)

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