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4. Emphatic pronouns


1 Emphatic pronouns

Trevor and Laura are decorating their living-room themselves.

An emphatic pronoun is a word like myself, yourself.
It has the same form as a reflexive pronoun.

Here the emphatic pronoun means 'without help'. Trevor and Laura are decorating the room without help from anyone else.
Compare They're having the room wallpapered (by a decorator).

Here are some more examples.
I built this boat myself.
My sister designs all these clothes herself.
Are you doing all the painting yourselves?
When we say these sentences, we stress self or selves.

Now look at these examples.
The manager himself welcomed us to the hotel.
(= The manager welcomed us, not someone else.)
Although she is very rich, the Queen herself never carries any money.
The house itself is small, but the garden is enormous.
Of course the children have been to the zoo. You yourself took them there last year.
Here the emphatic pronoun comes after the noun or pronoun it relates to.

2 Each other

Look at this example.
Andrew and Jessica help each other with their work.
This means that Andrew helps Jessica, and Jessica helps Andrew. Here are some more examples.
Mark and Alan aren't really friends. They don't like each other much.
I'm still in touch with Kirsty. We write to each other.
One another has the same meaning.
We send each other/one another Christmas cards every year.

We can also use the possessive form each other's.
Tom and Mark wrote down each other's phone numbers.
This means that Tom wrote down Mark's number, and Mark wrote down Tom's number.

Compare each other and themselves.

They're laughing at each other.

They're laughing at themselves.

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