DEG


Перейти к содержанию

Главное меню:


26. A lot of, lots of, many, much, (a) few and (a) little

FORM 8

1 Introduction

A lot of, lots of, many and much mean a large quantity.
Ron Mason owns a chain of supermarkets. He's made a lot of money.
A few and a little mean a small quantity.
I'd better hurry. My bus goes in a few minutes.

A lot of and lots of go before both plural and uncountable nouns.

We use these words without a noun if it is clear what we mean.
I take photos, but not as many as I used to. At one time I took a lot.
Note that we say a lot without of.

2 A lot of, many and much

As a general rule, we use a lot of and lots of in positive statements and many and much in negatives and questions.

Positive:

We get a lot of storms here.

We get a lot of rain here.

Negative:

We don't get many storms here.

We don't get much rain here.

Questions:

Do you get many storms here?

Do you get much rain here?

How many eggs do we need?

How much salt do we put in?

We use many or much (not a lot of) after too, so and as.
There are too many cars.
I've got
so much work.
I haven't got
as much money as you.

In formal English, we can sometimes use many and much in a positive statement.
Many students have financial problems.
There is
much enthusiasm for the idea.
But this is less usual in conversation, where we normally use a lot of or lots of.

In informal English, you may hear a lot of in a negative or a question.
I don't have many friends / a lot of friends.
Do you eat
much fruit / a lot of fruit?

3 Few and little with and without a

Few and little (without a) can be rather formal. In informal speech we can use these structures.
Not many customers have come in.
Vicky has
n't made much progress.
Only a few customers have come in.
Vicky has made
only a little progress.

HOME | FORM 7 | - Practice | - Tests | - Keys | - Video | FORM 8 | - Practice | - Tests | - Keys | - Video | FORM 9 | - Practice | - Tests | - Keys | - Video | Presentations | AUTHORS | Карта сайта


Назад к содержанию | Назад к главному меню