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19 Links across sentences

FORM 9

1 Introduction

Rita: You go to United's games, don't you, Tom? You watch them on TV, too.
Tom: Well, I'm a fan. It's wonderful when United win. On the other hand, it's terrible when they lose.
Rita: Why not have a change? After all, there are other things in life.
Tom: Such as?
Rita: There's music, for example. Why don't you go to a concert some time?
Tom: But I don't like classical music.

Look at the words and phrases too, on the other hand, after all and for example. They all make a link with an earlier sentence. When Rita says There's music, for example, she is giving an example of other things in life, which she has already mentioned.

2 Words and phrases meaning 'and', 'but' and 'so'

'And': Sarah often works late. She works on Saturdays sometimes, too/as well.
Sarah often works late. She also works on Saturdays sometimes.
Arlene Black has a yacht and a helicopter. In addition, she has five cars.
I'm not inviting my cousin - I don't like him. Besides, he didn't invite me to his party.
The buildings are in a very poor condition. Furthermore, there is no money to repair them.

'But': I haven't been very well recently. Still, it could be worse.
Nick is in love with Rita. Rita, however, is in love with Tom.
Everyone thought that Emma should accept the offer. Nevertheless/All the same, she turned it down.
I don't want to be late for the meeting. On the other hand, I don't want to get there too early.

'So': The holiday had been a complete disaster. We therefore decided to fly home early if we could.
Someone switched the freezer off. Consequently/As a result, all the food was spoilt.

Some of these words and phrases are rather formal and typical of written English. They are consequently, furthermore, however, in addition, nevertheless and therefore.

3 Other linking words and phrases

Rephrasing:

Jessica isn't the most popular person around here. In other words, no one likes her.

Correcting yourself:

We play basketball. I mean/Or rather volleyball.

Contradicting:

Sarah isn't lazy. On the contrary, she works extremely hard

Picking up a topic:

I like Natasha. I went on holiday with her. - Talking of holidays, what are your plans for this year?

Changing the subject:

It's a lovely day, isn't it? - Yes, beautiful. By the way, have you seen Melanie?

Supporting a statement:

We don't need to drive to the club, do we? After all, it's only about 200 metres from here.

Dismissing something:

I'm not sure a thank-you letter is really necessary. Anyway, I can't be bothered to write one.

Giving an example:

Yes, I do think Henry is rude. He shouts at waiters, for example/for instance.

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