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14. Present Perfect 3


ever, this week, etc.

1 Gone to or been to?

Claire has gone to Australia.
Gone there means that she is still there.

Claire has been to Australia.
Been there means that the visit is over.

2 Ever and never

Mark: Where have you been this time, Claire?
Claire: I've just come back from the States. Florida.
Mark: You get around, don't you? I've never been to Florida. Was it good?
Claire: It was OK. Not as good as Australia. I might go to Brazil next time. Have you ever been there?
Mark: No, I haven't.

We can use ever and never with the Present Perfect. We use ever in questions. In Have you ever been to Brazil? the word ever means 'in your whole life up to the present time'. Never means 'not ever'.

Here are some more examples.
Have you ever played cricket? - No, never.
Has Andrew ever had any fun? - I don't think so.
I've never ridden a motorbike in my life.
You've never given me flowers before.
This is the most expensive hotel we've ever stayed in.

3 First time, second time, etc.

After It's/This is the first/second time, we use the Present Perfect.
This is the first time we've been to Scotland, so it's all new to us.
This is the second time Rachel has forgotten to give me a message.
I love this film. I think it's the fourth time I've seen it.

4 Today, this week, etc.

We use the Present Perfect with today and phrases with this, e.g. this morning, this week, this year.
We've done quite a lot of work today.
I haven't watched any television so far this week.
Have you had a holiday this year? - No, not yet.
This year is the period which began in January and has lasted up to the present time.

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