DEG


Перейти к содержанию

Главное меню:


10. When I get there, before I leave, etc.

FORM 8



1 Introduction

Mark:
Did I tell you I've got a meeting in Glasgow at nine o'clock tomorrow morning? I'm driving up there overnight.
Sarah:
You're going to drive all through the night? You're crazy. You'll be exhausted before you arrive. Why don't you take a train?
Mark:
I'll be OK. I'll need the car while I'm there. I have to visit some companies in the area. I can sleep when I get home.

Study these examples.
You'll be exhausted before you arrive. NOT before you'll arrive.
I'll need the car while I'm there. NOT while I'll be there.
I can sleep when I get home. NOT when I'll get home.
Each of the sentences has a linking word of time, e.g. before, while or when.
The sentences are about the future, about Mark's trip to Glasgow.
But after the linking words we use the Present Simple (arrive, am, get), not will.

We can start the sentence with a linking word.
When I get home, I can sleep.

2 Linking words

We use the Present Simple for the future after these linking words of time: after, as, as soon as, before, by the time, until, when, while.
I'm starting a job in sales after I finish college.
As soon as you hear any news, will you let me know?
I must get to the bank before it closes.
They'll have stopped serving meals by the time we get to the restaurant.
We also use the Present Simple for the future after if.
If you come in late tonight, please don't make a noise.

3 Present Perfect

After a linking word of time, we can often use the Present Perfect for the future.
I'm starting a job in sales after I've finished college.
As soon as you've heard any news, will you let me know?
Compare after I finish college. The meaning is the same.

But sometimes there is a difference in meaning between the Present Simple and the Present Perfect.
When I see the report, I'll make some notes. (I'll do both at the same time.)
When I've seen the report, I'll make some notes. (I'll see it and then make notes.)

4 Present Continuous

We can also use the Present Continuous for the future, especially after when and while.
When I'm boating along the canal next week, 1 might be able to relax.
Mark is going to listen to music while he's driving to Scotland.

HOME | FORM 7 | - Practice | - Tests | - Keys | - Video | FORM 8 | - Practice | - Tests | - Keys | - Video | FORM 9 | - Practice | - Tests | - Keys | - Video | Presentations | AUTHORS | Карта сайта


Назад к содержанию | Назад к главному меню