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10. Passive verb forms


1 Introduction

A passive verb is a form of
be + a past participle, e.g. is baked, was worn.
Some participles are irregular.

2 Summary of verb tenses

We form negatives and questions in the same way as in active sentences.
The bread isn't baked in a factory.
The jacket
hasn't been worn for years.
Where is the bread baked?
Has the jacket ever been worn by anyone else?

3 The future and modal verbs in the passive

We use be + a past participle after will, be going to, can, must, have to, should, etc.
The gates will be closed this evening.
This rubbish
should be thrown away.
The machine has to be repaired.
The news
might be announced soon.
Seats may not be reserved.
can the problem be solved?

4 The passive with get

We sometimes use get in the passive instead of be.

Lots of postmen get bitten by dogs.
I'm always getting chosen for the worst jobs.
Last week Laura got moved to another department.
Get is informal. We often use it for something happening by accident or unexpectedly.

In negatives and questions in the Present Simple and Past Simple, we llse a form of do.
The windows don't get cleaned very often.
How did the painting get damaged?

We also use get in these expressions: get dressed/changed, get washed (= wash oneself), get engaged/married/divorced, get started (= start), get lost (= lose one's way).
Emma and Matthew might get married.
Without a map we soon got lost.

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